Cusco is one of the most incredible cities in the world and also, it is in one of the highest places in the world (3400 meters). Cusco, offers many tourist, natural and cultural attractions. It is known as the historical capital of Peru (the current capital is the city of Lima) and is declared as such in its constitution.
If you are plannig to visit Cusco, in Explorandes, we share you a little more about the places you should not miss.
Plaza de Armas
The Plaza de Armas of Cuzco is the heart of modern Cusco. A place full of restaurants, shops, churches and buildings from the time of the Spanish conquest. Formerly it was a swamp, and it was the Incas who dried it to make it the main place of the capital of the Inca Empire. We recommend you to visit the square during the day and night, and see the difference.
Located in the Plaza de Armas, the Cathedral of Cuzco is the main religious temple of Cuzco. It was built with stones brought from Sacsayhuaman and it took more than 100 years to build it (between 1560 and 1664).
Ollantaytambo is located 90 kilometers from the city of Cuzco. Its dimensions and height are amazing. Once up we can enjoy a privileged view of the Sacred Valley and the city itself. This area is also famous for being one of the starting points of the Inca Trail, in the direction of Machu Pichu.
Two kilometers north of Cuzco is located this unique Inca fortress in the world. Considered the greatest architectural work of the Incas, it was built during its heyday between the 15th and 16th centuries. The place also has the attraction of having fabulous natural panoramic views, even of the city of Cuzco.
Stone of the 12 angles
The Stone of 12 angles is the most famous stone block in the city. Is considered the Cultural Patrimony of the Nation of Peru, and forms part of the Archbishop’s Palace wall. It has no asymmetries in its joints.
The Incas’ Sacred Valley
The magical Sacred Valley of the Incas is a mixture of archaeological remains, indigenous peoples and varied mountain landscapes. It is one of the most traditional areas of the Peruvian Andes, which has integrated tourism without losing even a hint of its identity.
Machu Picchui is a World Heritage Site by UNESCO since 1983, and declared one of the seven wonders of the modern world. It is located at 2490 meters above sea level. It is the number one tourist attraction in Peru and it is considered at the same time a masterpiece of architecture and engineering.