The Cordillera Blanca is one of the most famous tourist attraction of Peru. The Cordillera Blanca means “White Mountain Range”, which is true testament to the range of almost countless snow capped peaks, many of them are visible from the beautiful city of Huaraz.
It is located in the department of Ancash, in the western branch of the northern Andes. Is the largest area of all mountains of Peru. From the mountains of the Cordillera Blanca run its waters to the basins of the Santa River, Marañón and Pativilca.
If you are planning to visit Ancash, you must do trekking through the Cordillera Blanca, where you are going to have the opportunity to see three beautiful rivers.
The Santa River travels through the department of Ancash. It is one of the most plentiful of the Pacific Slope. Also, the Santa River basin is one of the largest in the Peruvian coast. On its route, the Santa River passes through the Callejón de Huaylas, formed by the Cordillera Blanca. This incredible river also presents an alternative for adventure lovers who practice canoeing and Kayaking.
The Marañón River is an important river in Peru, one of the main tributaries of the upper reaches of the Amazon River on the Atlantic slope. It originates in the glacier of the Nevado de Yapura, about 5,800 m, in the Cordillera Raura, on the border with Lima, in the Andes of the center-north of Peru. Its most important tributaries are the Utcubamba, Crisnejas, Chamaya, Cenepa, Santiago, Morona, Pastaza, Huallaga (1,300 km) and the Tigre (600 km) rivers.
Due to its great length and the uneven terrain of its channel, it crosses different altitudinal levels, generating a diversity of ecosystems in a certain area reduced from the climate in its margins; whose altitude depends on its geographical location until the almost cold climate of the summits corresponding to the Huánuco, Ancash, La Libertad and Amazonas regions.
The Pativilca River, like most of the rivers of the coast of Peru, has an irregular and torrential regime. It is originated in the vicinity of the Pastoruri mountain in the province of Recuay and Bolognesi at an altitude higher than 5,000 meters above sea level. It empties into the Pacific Ocean.
In the upper part, the basin of the Pativilca river basin with a large number of snow-covered mountains and lagoons of glacial origin, whose contributions help to maintain the discharge in periods of low water at a high level.
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