There are more than 50 new geoglyphs discovered by Peruvian archaeologists in the province of Palpa. The researchers made the discovery through images captured in the area with drones.
Nat Geo released a video that shows the most impressive drawings. Also, archaeologists indicated that the newly discovered lines have not yet been registered with the Ministry of Culture of Peru.
“Most of these figures are warriors,” Peruvian archaeologist Luis Jaime Castillo Butters, co-discoverer of the new geoglyphs, told National Geographic. “These could be seen from a distance, so people had seen them, but eventually they were completely erased,” he added.
According to this research, some of the newly discovered lines belong to the Nasca culture, which dominated the area from 200 to 700 AD. However, archaeologists suspect that the previous cultures of Paracas and Topará carved many of the images between 500 a. C. and 200 d.C.
Unlike the already known Nazca lines, most of which are only visible from above, the ancient Paracas glyphs were placed on the slopes, making them visible to the people below. The two cultures also pursued different artistic themes: while the Nazca often drew polygons, the ancient Paracas represented humans.
The ancient Peruvians created geoglyphs like the Nazca lines by moving stones to define the edges of the lines and then scraping the top layer of soil between the edges to reveal a lighter soil beneath.
The new images have differences with those already known. The most important is that they are not all lines, circles or rectangles, there are also drawings that represent concrete figures, such as people and animals.
Now that researchers have documented the new lines, they are eager to protect them. The new geoglyphs are located within the UNESCO World Heritage site that includes the Nazca and Palpa lines, and according to Isla, they are not in immediate danger.
The new geoglyphs provide crucial data of the Paracas culture, as well as the mysterious Topará culture, which marked the transition between the Paracas and the Nazca. Centuries before the famous Nazca lines were drawn, the people of the region were experimenting, elaborating enormous geoglyphs.
It is important that the cultural heritage of the Andean country be protected. As has already been seen in the case of Green Peace, not all people respect archaeological sites. Recently, a driver irreparably damaged one of the figures as he passed his truck over it.